專題演講 Seminar

2022/09/28(Wed)     15:00 -16:00    五樓第一會議室5th Floor(1st meeting room)
視訊演講 Video Seminar [ Meeting Link / ID: 2511 889 9288 / Password: dJcZW88qfn2 ]

Title

The reheating constraints to natural inflation in Horndeski gravity

Speaker

Mr. Chen-Hsu Chien (Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica)

Abstract

For the subclass of Horndeski theory of gravity, we investigate the effects of reheating on the predictions of natural inflation. In the presence of derivative self-interaction of a scalar field and its kinetic coupling to the Einstein tensor, the gravitational friction to inflaton dynamics is enhanced during inflation. As a result, the tensor-to-scalar ratio r is suppressed. We place the observational constraints on a natural inflation model and show that the model is now consistent with the observational data for some plausible range of the model parameter ∆, mainly due to the suppressed tensor-to-scalar ratio. To be consistent with the data at the 1σ (68% confidence) level, a slightly longer natural inflation with Nk60 e-folds, longer than usually assumed, is preferred. Since the duration of inflation, for any specific inflaton potential, is linked to reheating parameters, including the duration (Nre), temperature (Tre), and equation-of-state (ωre) parameter during reheating, we imposed the effects of reheating to the inflationary predictions to put further constraints. The results show that reheating consideration impacts the duration of inflation Nk. If reheating occurs instantaneously for which Nre = 0 and ωre = 1/3, the duration of natural inflation is about Nk ≃ 57 e-folds, where the exact value is less sensitive to the model parameter ∆ compatible with the CMB data. The duration of natural inflation is longer (or shorter) than Nk ≃ 57 e-folds for the equation of state larger (or smaller) than 1/3 hence Nre ̸= 0. The maximum temperature at the end of reheating is Tmaxre ≃ 3 × 1015 GeV, which corresponds to the instantaneous reheating. The low reheating temperature, as low as a few MeV, is also possible when ωre is closer to 1/3.

Language

演講語言 (Language): in English