專題演講

2019/12/10(Tue)     10:00 -12:00    五樓第一會議室5th Floor(1st meeting room)

Title

Memcomputing: leveraging memory and physics to compute efficiently

Speaker

Prof. Massimiliano Di Ventra

Department of Physics, University of California San Diego

Abstract

It is well known that physical phenomena may be of great help in computing some difficult problems efficiently. A typical example is prime factorization that may be solved in polynomial time by exploiting quantum entanglement on a quantum computer. There are, however, other types of (non-quantum) physical properties that one may leverage to compute efficiently a wide range of hard problems. In this talk, I will discuss how to employ one such property, memory (time non-locality), in a novel physics-based approach to computation: Memcomputing [1, 2, 3]. As examples, I will show the efficient solution of prime factorization, the search version of the subset-sum problem [4], approximations to the Max-SAT [5], and the ground state of Ising spin glasses [6], using self-organizing logic gates, namely gates that self-organize to satisfy their logical proposition [4]. I will also show that these machines take advantage of the long-range order that develops during their transient dynamics in order to tackle the above problems, and are robust against noise and disorder [7]. The digital memcomputing machines we propose can be efficiently simulated, are scalable and can be easily realized with available nanotechnology components. Work supported in part by MemComputing, Inc. (http://memcpu.com/) and CMRR.

[1] M. Di Ventra and Y.V. Pershin, Computing: the Parallel Approach, Nature Physics 9, 200 (2013).
[2] F. L. Traversa and M. Di Ventra, Universal Memcomputing Machines, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems 26, 2702 (2015).
[3] M. Di Ventra and F.L. Traversa, Memcomputing: leveraging memory and physics to compute efficiently, J. Appl. Phys. 123, 180901 (2018).
[4] F. L. Traversa and M. Di Ventra, Polynomial-time solution of prime factorization and NP-complete problems with digital memcomputing machines, Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science 27, 023107 (2017).
[5] F. L. Traversa, P. Cicotti, F. Sheldon, and M. Di Ventra, Evidence of an exponential speed-up in the solution of hard optimization problems, Complexity 2018, 7982851 (2018).
[6] F. Sheldon, F.L. Traversa, and M. Di Ventra, Taming a non-convex landscape with dynamical long-range order: memcomputing the Ising spin-glass, arXiv:1810.03712 (2018).
[7] M. Di Ventra, F. L. Traversa and I.V. Ovchinnikov, Topological field theory and computing with instantons, Annalen der Physik 529,1700123 (2017). (Speaker Instroduction)